Floor Hockey - Cosom Hockey is a stick and ball game played indoors, usually in the style of Ice Hockey, and played on flat floor surfaces, such as a gymnasium or a basketball court. As in other Hockey codes, players on each team attempt to shoot a ball or puck into a goal using sticks, usually with a curved end. Floor Hockey games differ from street Hockey in that the games are more structured. Typically, Hockey games are divided into 3-20 minute periods with 2 intermissions between them.
The object is to score points by hitting the ball or puck into the goal or net. Floor Hockey is a modification of ice hockey with differences in rules and modifications and of course, no use of skates. Balls can be used in replacement for pucks. Use of a ball makes stick handling easier and increases the pace of the game. Floor Hockey equipment differs between each code. Some codes use an indoor puck, while others use a lightweight plastic ball, or a heavier ball. Some codes require standard ice hockey, field hockey or bandy sticks, while others use lightweight plastic. The types of checking and protective equipment allowed also vary. Floor Hockey is made up of several different codes, there are some basic rules which are typically followed regardless of code. Games start with a face-off, where a player from each team have an equal chance to gain possession.
The face-off is also used to resume play after goals, and to start each period. A goal is scored when the entire puck or ball crosses the plane of the goal line, unless it is intentionally kicked in by the attacking team. The team with the most goals at the end of the game is declared the winner. If the game is tied, the games usually proceed into overtime in order to determine a winner. Overtime rules vary, but typically include extra time and/or penalty shootout. Penalties for illegal actions are enforced. A player committing a major infraction is required to sit out of the game for two minutes, resulting a power play, but a minor infraction may result in a free hit. Penalties are typically given for the following actions: Tripping – Using the body or stick to intentionally cause a player to fall Hooking – Using the curved end of the stick to impede a player’s forward progress by pulling him or her back Slashing – Using the stick to hit an opposing player's body or stick Interference – Using the body to move a player from his current position on the floor or preventing him from playing the ball or puck High Sticking – Allowing the curved end of the stick to come above your waist Cross Checking – Using the stick to push an opponent down Checking from behind – Hitting a player from behind Due to the limited padding worn by players, body checking is typically disallowed in floor hockey games, although shoulder-to-shoulder checking is allowed.
The first organized indoor floor Hockey games took place in Battle Creek, Michigan, in 1962. Tim Harter, director of Civic Recreation in Battle Creek, Michigan, introduced the new game of floor Hockey rules modified from the original game of ice Hockey.
Floor Hockey does not have a World or Country Federation or Governing Body.